Each year, the forced-labor system of cotton production has claimed the lives of several Uzbek citizens, and many forced to pick cotton are exposed to unknown chemicals in the fields, unsanitary housing, and lack of safe drinking water. Eliminating cotton picked with forced labor is a critical step in the responsible sourcing process. Cotton pickers go to the fields early in the morning, while it is not hot yet. No government representatives were involved in the monitoring. It is unclear what Uzbek handlers will let them see. Despite cotton being a water-intensive crop, Soviet planners targeted Uzbekistan's arid climate for growing it, and cultivation increased to generate up to 70 percent of all Soviet cotton production by the late s. Uzbekistan is the fifth largest cotton producer in the world.
Inthen-Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoev ordered an end to the use of children in picking cotton. However, according to the monitors, the recruitment of staff from state institutions, agencies and enterprises still occurs in some places.
Cotton is considered the natural national wealth of Uzbekistan, together with gold. Pests are suitably controlled with biological methods. Company Pledge Against Forced Labor in the Cotton Sector of Uzbekistan We, the undersigned companies are working to ensure that forced labor does not find its way into our products.
How effective it is, though, is unclear. Meanwhile, Uzbek cotton remains on the Labor Department's list of goods produced with forced labor or child labor -- as opposed to the narrower category of forced child labor.
After at least seven years of discussions, this year Uzbekistan has allowed in a monitoring mission from the International Labour Organisation ILO.
During the yearthe area under cotton plantation was about 1. The ILO monitors have observed that these measures are working and people on the ground can feel a real difference.
Cotton forced labour
However, in a report released on April 4, the group said forced labor continues to be a significant problem for adults, and a network of government agencies, state-owned enterprises, and other informal organizations continues to perpetuate the issue. Most of cotton farms are irrigated but there is need to rehabilitate the water supply system to reduce water loss. The ILO monitors have observed that these measures are working and people on the ground can feel a real difference. Activists are now worried that a major infusion of international aid might obscure the problem rather than address it. Uzbekistan has begun processing raw cotton and is positioning itself as a manufacturer of textiles and garments. Every year the government of Uzbekistan forcibly mobilizes over a million citizens to grow and harvest cotton. Cotton picking by hand is probably the most laborious and yet exciting stage of cotton textile production. Pledge Signatories The following companies have signed the pledge to eliminate Uzbek cotton from their supply chains. Child labour, which was previously a serious problem during harvest time, is no longer a major concern. The cotton ends up in brand-name retail and apparel supply chains and therefore on consumers, even though citizens of Uzbekistan have called for an international boycott of cotton from Uzbekistan, and over global brands have pledged to avoid while forced and child labor continues. Total Signatories:
Thus, the area sown to cotton was reduced from 1. Some companies gathered around a fire also play the guitar.
Authorities seem unready to talk about the problem; journalists and activists are routinely arrested for getting too close. This is not the first time that aid from abroad has rankled the human-rights groups that campaign against forced labour in the cotton fields.
Profits of the Uzbek cotton sector support only the inner circle of Uzbek government.
Cotton farming in uzbekistan facts
Due to sustained pressure from local and international organizations and foreign governments over many years, in the Uzbek government began to shift the demographics of its forced labor policies. The Uzbek-government forced labor system violates the human rights of Uzbek citizens and condemns future generations to a cycle of poverty. In , then-Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoev ordered an end to the use of children in picking cotton. Uzbek farmers are forced to meet state-established cotton quotas, purchase inputs from one state-owned enterprise, and sell the cotton to a state-owned enterprise at artificially low prices. The roots of this practice go back to Soviet times, where millions of citizens were routinely sent to help the state work the land. Okdare 6, Namangan 77 and Tashkent 6 are the common varieties of cotton planted in the country. How effective it is, though, is unclear. Massive mobilization of teachers, doctors, nurses and other adults to the cotton harvest has degraded education and health services. After , when Karimov died and Mirziyoev assumed the presidency, the country made more efforts to dismantle the system of state-organized forced labor. And when someone a long way from Uzbekistan puts on a cotton shirt and feels its warmth, it comes from them too. Wage increases for cotton pickers The government hotlines dealt with more than 2, cases in They explain how it is organised from the top. Government reforms As part of a number of reforms, the Uzbek government increased wages and introduced a differentiated pay scale so that pickers are paid more per kilogramme of cotton towards the end of the harvest, when conditions are less favorable and there is less cotton to pick.
based on 30 review