Ethical issues in abnormal psychology

The feared object e. Historical Context Time must also be taken into account, as what is considered abnormal at one time in one culture may be normal another time, even in the same culture. For example, a man wearing a dress and high heels may be considered socially abnormal as society would not expect it, whereas this is expected of women With this definition, it is necessary to consider: i The degree to which a norm is violated, ii the importance of that norm, iii and the value attached by the social group to different sorts of violation, e.

ethical issues in psychology

Classical conditioning has been said to account for the development of phobias. Belmont: Cengage Learning.

problems in abnormal psychology

Diagnosis raises issues of medical and ethical integrity because of financial and professional links with pharmaceutical companies and insurance companies.

For example, one hundred years ago, pregnancy outside of marriage was considered a sign of mental illness and some women were institutionalised, whereas now this is not the case Age and Gender Different people can behave in the same way and for some will be normal and others abnormal, depending on age and gender and sometimes other factors.

Limitations: However, this definition fails to distinguish between desirable and undesirable behavior. The medical profession uses various labels eg.

Their behavior may be incomprehensible to others or make others feel threatened or uncomfortable.

Ethical issues in psychological testing

The conditioned stimulus subsequently evokes a powerful fear response characterized by avoidance of the feared object and the emotion of fear whenever the object is encountered. Davis, S. For example, it is common in Southern Europe to stand much closer to strangers than in the UK. Current concepts of positive mental health. Behavior that was once seen as abnormal may, given time, become acceptable and vice versa. For what age? For example, in terms of biochemistry — the dopamine hypothesis argues that elevated levels of dopamine are related to symptoms of schizophrenia. They may be unable to perform the behaviors necessary for day-to-day living e.

Unchecked id impulses: If id impulses are unchecked they may be expressed in self-destructive and immoral behavior. The basic assumptions are: Maladaptive behavior is caused by faulty and irrational cognitions.

Problems in abnormal psychology

In some societies, such as the Zulu for example, hallucinations and screaming in the street are regarded as normal behavior. It helps us make cut — off points in terms of diagnosis. Rosenhan, D. Legal issues deal with rules and principles that licensed professionals in the abnormal psychology field must comply with. Social norms are culturally specific - they can differ significantly from one generation to the next and between different ethnic, regional and socio-economic groups. The objective of this paper is to analyze the legal and ethical issues related to licensed and unlicensed professionals in the field of abnormal psychology. In the field of abnormal psychology, both licensed and unlicensed professionals must uphold high ethical standards while dealing with their clients. The conditioned stimulus subsequently evokes a powerful fear response characterized by avoidance of the feared object and the emotion of fear whenever the object is encountered. For example, wearing a chicken suit in the street for a charity event would seem normal, but wearing a chicken suit for everyday activities such as shopping or going to church, it would be socially abnormal.

Learning environments can reinforce re: operant conditioning problematic behaviors. The argument has been whether or not psychology should influence the due course of the law, which has been criticized for allowing dangerous people to avoid punishment.

Explanations of Abnormality Behavioral Behaviorists believe that our actions are determined largely by the experiences we have in life, rather than by underlying pathology of unconscious forces.

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Legal and Ethical Issues in Abnormal Psychology