Critical thinking concepts and tools by richard paul and linda elder

But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed or down-right prejudiced. Points of View: From what point of view am I looking at this issue?

Critical thinking concepts and tools by richard paul and linda elder

Figure out what the author is taking for granted [that might be questioned]. Logic: Does this really make sense? Search for negative as well as positive implications. Could you be more exact? What am I implying? For example, critical thinkers are clear as to the purpose at hand and the question at issue. As an integral part of these processes, students learn how to learn, using disciplined reading, writing, speaking, and listening as modalities in learning. We naturally think from our own perspective, from a point of view which tends to privilege our position. Clarity is a gateway standard.

Are the question and purpose directly relevant to each other? It's generic skills apply to all subjects.

critical thinking skills

Concepts: What is the main idea here? Does what you say follow from the evidence?

8 elements of critical thinking

Figure out what the author is taking for granted [that might be questioned]. They question information, conclusions, and points of view.

Learning the art of critical thinking pdf

What information do I need to settle the question? But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed or down-right prejudiced. Clarity: Could you elaborate further on that point? This template can be modified for analyzing the logic of a chapter in a textbook. It requires rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use. Is there another way to interpret the information? Are the question and purpose directly relevant to each other? Contents Include:. How does that bear on the issue? A line of reasoning may be clear, accurate, precise, relevant, and deep, but lack breadth as in an argument from either the conservative or liberal standpoints which gets deeply into an issue, but only recognizes the insights of one side of the question. Is it justifiable? But without long-term planning nothing substantial occurs. Consider all possible consequences. Excellence in thought, however, must be systematically cultivated. How could we find out if that is true?

Yet the quality of our life and that of what we produce, make, or build depends precisely on the quality of our thought.

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The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking