Those who were forced to work on the plantations were considered chattel items of propertycommodities owned by others. The extreme cost was paid by enslaved Africans whose working conditions were horrendous.
Customs were derived not merely from the immediate plantation but from memories and survivals of Africa.
African women were born and raised to give birth, there were no rituals or cultural customs in America. Though many resented the wealth and power of the large slaveholders, they aspired to own slaves themselves and to join the priviledged ranks.
These patrols were similar to militias and were made up of white men who were obligated to serve for a set period. In some regions, however, the enslaved population began to increase with the birth of children born on the plantations and planters came to rely less and less on arrivals from Africa.
Inthis plantation was home to 81 enslaved African Americans. Slaves could not testify in court against a white, make contracts, leave the plantation without permission, strike a white even in self-defensebuy and sell goods, own firearms, gather without a white present, possess any anti-slavery literature, or visit the homes of whites or free blacks.
Many slave parents told their children that blacks were superior to white people, who were lazy and incapable of running things properly. Planters, however, would allow slaves time to repair their homes.
Whenever someone ran away it was often to someone a relative, a lover rather than away from their plantation. Although Olmsted abhorred slavery, his accounts were objective and accepted by most Southern critics as accurate depictions of plantation life.
Africans were responsible for this wealth, not least in the knowledge they brought with them from west Africa.
I glanced again at the perfectly passionless but rather grim business-like face of the overseer, and again at the young gentleman, who had turned away; if not indifferent he had evidently not the faintest sympathy with my emotion.