Similarly, he railed against the style of histories and biographies of the past, suggesting they were filled with falsehoods and supernatural explanations and needed a fresh, more scientific and evidence-based approach to research.
Through the influence of Mme de PompadourVoltaire was made royal historiographer, a gentleman of the king's bedchamber, and a member of the French Academy. Its origin is unclear.
To a friend he gave the following written declaration: I die adoring God, loving my friends, not hating my enemies, and detesting persecution. His Lettres anglaises ou philosophiques effectively constituted a covert attack upon the political and ecclesiastical institutions of France and thus brought him into conflict with the authorities.
He also showed at one point an inclination towards the ideas of Hinduism and the works of Brahmin priests. He, however, claimed that he learned nothing but "Latin and the Stupidities". Whilst in England he regularly attended the theatres and playhouses and saw several performances of Shakespeare's plays.
When Voltaire was just seven years old, his mother passed away. What is tolerance?
He also tended to effectively persuade people that superstition was ridiculous. Meanwhile, the Marquise also took a lover, the Marquis de Saint-Lambert. Work Back to Top Voltaire was a prolific writer, and produced works in almost every literary form plays, poetry, novels, essays, historical and scientific works, over 21, letters and over two thousand books and pamphlets.
Voltaire also edited the works of Corneille, wrote commentaries on Racine, and turned out a stream of anonymous novels and pamphlets in which he attacked the established institutions of his time with unremitting virulence.
Such an outlook was not unique in that the scientific spirit that 18th-century intellectuals perceived themselves as invested with.