A biography of francois marie arouet de voltaire

Similarly, he railed against the style of histories and biographies of the past, suggesting they were filled with falsehoods and supernatural explanations and needed a fresh, more scientific and evidence-based approach to research.

voltaire accomplishments

Through the influence of Mme de PompadourVoltaire was made royal historiographer, a gentleman of the king's bedchamber, and a member of the French Academy. Its origin is unclear.

voltaire works

To a friend he gave the following written declaration: I die adoring God, loving my friends, not hating my enemies, and detesting persecution. His Lettres anglaises ou philosophiques effectively constituted a covert attack upon the political and ecclesiastical institutions of France and thus brought him into conflict with the authorities.

He also showed at one point an inclination towards the ideas of Hinduism and the works of Brahmin priests. He, however, claimed that he learned nothing but "Latin and the Stupidities". Whilst in England he regularly attended the theatres and playhouses and saw several performances of Shakespeare's plays.

When Voltaire was just seven years old, his mother passed away. What is tolerance?

Voltaire philosophy

Chateau de Cirey where Voltaire lived. His Lettres anglaises ou philosophiques effectively constituted a covert attack upon the political and ecclesiastical institutions of France and thus brought him into conflict with the authorities. In his later years Voltaire championed the rights of victims of religious, cultural, and political persecution, sharing many of the same views as Jean Jacques Rousseau Voltaire advised scholars that anything contradicting the normal course of nature was not to be believed. He was appointed Royal Historiographer of France, and then a gentleman of the King's bedchamber. Once again, documents were burned and he fled toward Paris to avoid arrest, but Louis XV had banned him from returning to Paris, so instead he turned to Geneva, Switzerland, where he bought a large estate. He took up residence with them at their chateau in Cirey-sur-Blaise in the Lorraine region of France. Visit Website As a vegetarian and an advocate of animal rights, however, Voltaire praised Hinduism, stating Hindus were "[a] peaceful and innocent people, equally incapable of hurting others or of defending themselves. He was accused of theft and forgery relating to some bond investments, then had a feud with the president of the Berlin Academy of Sciences that ended with Voltaire writing a satire that angered Frederick the Great and resulted in the temporary destruction of their friendship. From early on, Voltaire had trouble with the authorities for critiques of the government. He was the first to emphasize the debt of medieval culture to Middle Eastern civilization, but otherwise was weak on the Middle Ages.

He also tended to effectively persuade people that superstition was ridiculous. Meanwhile, the Marquise also took a lover, the Marquis de Saint-Lambert. Work Back to Top Voltaire was a prolific writer, and produced works in almost every literary form plays, poetry, novels, essays, historical and scientific works, over 21, letters and over two thousand books and pamphlets.

Voltaire also edited the works of Corneille, wrote commentaries on Racine, and turned out a stream of anonymous novels and pamphlets in which he attacked the established institutions of his time with unremitting virulence.

Such an outlook was not unique in that the scientific spirit that 18th-century intellectuals perceived themselves as invested with.

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Biography of Voltaire, French Enlightenment Writer